Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu , a pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington , history, oddities This makes difficult the research of information for inexperienced people. The objective of this page is to help the visitors of the site in deciphering the marks of their British silverplate. A set of symbols imitating the shape of sterling silver hallmarking. These are "generic marks " used by various silverplate makers.
London leopard's head crowned until London leopard's head uncrowned present. London lion head erased. Birmingham anchor present. Birmingham bicentennial commemorative Sheffield crown Sheffield Tudor rose present. Chester a sword erect between three wheat-sheaves Exeter a castle with three towers Newcastle-upon-Tyne three castles c. York five lions passant on a cross c. Edinburgh castle present.
- jankossencontemporary.coms of the Assay Office meet annually in July when, until , the date letter was changed. The Hallmarking Act of brought the remaining 4 British Assay Offices (London, Birmingham, Sheffield and Edinburgh) into line with each other with the date letter now changing (from ) on 1 January each year. The marks serve several functions. In Ireland, sterling silver is not less than. Letters are a few examples and a guide to reading antique Irish silver hallmarks, followed by photos of as many date letters as I could manage. JS; this is the maker, John Smyth of Dublin. This dating the stamp for 3. Navigation menu. The marks of electroplated silver were often inspired to the hallmarking used for sterling silver and the maker was identified by its initials inside a series of squares, circles, shields, etc. The effect was apparently similar to sterling silver hallmarks, obtaining the result to gratify the buyer's pride to exhibit a high value object and the.
Glasgow tree, fish and bell Dublin crowned harp mark until This qualifies the piece for sale in England. The scales control mark, in Fig. Pieces with the scale control mark cannot be earlier than mid- to lates.
The best way to catch these carefully prepared forgeries is a side-by-side comparison. Compare the mark of a suspected piece to genuine marks in reference books or known originals in your own collection. As a general rule, for example, marks on Tiffany silver include an order number and a pattern number. The forged Tiffany mark in Fig. You can also catch many forgeries by knowing how original marks were applied. Almost all marks on almost all antique and collectible silver and silver plate, were applied with stamps.
Unique, individual or custom marks-such as serial numbers, order numbers, artists marks, hallmarks, etc. Larger marks with several lines or large symbols, could be struck by hand or a machine press. Most marks on silver plate, regardless of the size of the mark, were mostly struck by machine presses because the base metal was heavier and stronger than solid silver.
Complex marks, like the Tiffany example previously discussed, may include both standard company marks found on all pieces, as well as unique marks for individual pieces such as an order number, pattern number, date letter and others.
If this sounds like a lot of work, it was. It also involved a great deal of highly specialized equipment. Fortunately, most forgers don't have the time or the money to duplicate original vintage marks so they take shortcuts. The most common shortcut is to cast, or mold, a mark rather than stamp marks.
If you make a single mold with an old appearing mark, every piece made in the mold will carry that mark. That process saves both the time it would take to stamp a mark on each new piece as well as the expense of the stamps and other necessary equipment. Some of the most common cast forgeries of old marks in the market today are found on figural napkin rings. Cast, or molded, marks almost always lack the detail found in stamped marks.
Cast marks tend to be shallow with ragged or blurred edges and uneven in depth of impression.
Original stamped marks are just the opposite: clean sharp edges with an almost perfectly uniform depth of impression. Several examples of new molded marks are shown next to the original stamped marks in Figs. At the current time, faked cast marks are more commonly found on new silver plate than silver.
Pieces of silver with fake marks tend to be found on simply shaped objects easily cast as a single piece. These include thimbles, brooches, tussie-mussies, charms, needle cases and other similar pieces. The biggest danger in detecting new molded marks is to stop your examination after you have matched a suspected mark to marks in a reference book.
Molds made from originals produce copies with original appearing marks. You must examine how marks are made as well as how the mark reads.
Matchmaking That Works
This is especially important if your original mark is a line drawing and not a photograph. As a practical matter, it is almost impossible to remember all the names, forms and variations of silver marks.
General line dealers and casual collectors can probably avoid most mass produced silver fakes in today's market by following the guidelines on page These short tips highlight the basic differences in how new and old marks are created and applied.
On this and following pages are examples of marks frequently seen on new silver. Most of these marks contain obvious features such as size, lack of detail, a convention mark, or the standard mark, that will help you easily identify pieces as new. Keep in mind genuine marks on 19th and early 20th century silver and silver plate vary considerably in appearance and new marks frequently change. Many of these marks appear in areas where no logical normal wear would occur.
Blurred marks can be a sign of a cast, not stamped, mark.
Silver dating marks
All marks, whether standing alone or combined with other symbols as the above example, are very nearly a guarantee of a reproduction. The standard mark was very rarely used in vintage American silver. It was not widely used until the European Community EC adopted it in the mids.
Town marks for imported silver have differed from the normal marks since Illustrations of the various import marks are shown on the Import Marks page. NOTE: Since 1 January the traditional fineness mark (e.g. lion passant) and the date letter have both been optional. Whether you're dating after a divorce or looking for over 60 dating - SilverSingles is one of the best online dating sites for romance, adventure and love. Exceptional Customer Service Our customer care team is committed to supporting your search and ensuring a smooth, safe and stress-free online dating experience for all members. (note) Gorham date code marks are found on holloware and some smaller items, not used on flatware. Gorham silver was founded in Providence, Rhode Island in the year of by Jabez Gorham, a master craftsman, in partnership with Henry L. Webster. The firm's chief product was silver spoons although they also made thimbles, combs, jewelry, and.
The standard mark above is smaller than the diameter of the lead in the wooden pencil shown for comparison. Any mark under one-sixteenth of an inch is suspect.
Online Dating with SilverSingles
Virtually without exception, authentic marks on vintage silver and silver plate were stamped, not cast. Reproductions, particularly new silver plate, are generally cast in molds. Since new molds are usually made by copying originals, marks on originals are usually transferred to the new molds. Cast marks are almost always blurred with impressions of uneven depth. Stamped marks are generally much cleaner and sharper than cast marks.
The oval tab marked shown here is soldered on a new rattle. Some authentic Victorian-era silver-plated pieces do bear applied discs with the manufacturers name. However, even those discs should be examined very carefully. Many genuinely old marked discs have been removed from inexpensive common pieces and applied to more expensive pieces. Marked PAJ Pieces with this mark were widely sold throughout the US beginning in the late s-early s.
The presence of the mark is a clue to this piece's recent manufacture. All very good quality. No vintage silver is marked REO. No old counterpart of the GJ mark is known.
The mark was first found on a group of new silver match safes with sports themes. Several of the pieces were close copies of known original shapes.
com is the most extensive internet resource for research of Silver Marks, Hallmarks, Trademarks & Maker's Marks found on Antique and Vintage silver. The site's main focus is the silver markings used on vintage and antique sterling and coin silver, for those of you interested in silverplate trademarks, we have now added a large section. Dating Antique Silver Hallmarks Antique Silver Hallmarks and how to indentify where your silver comes from. Antique silver hallmarks have been used to control the quality of goods made of silver since the 14th century and the organisation that regulates the craft, Goldsmiths Hall, gave the world the term hallmark. These two marks are very similar: both have a "crown" and a set of alphabetical symbols to represent maker and date, but the fundamental difference is that the standard mark (lion passant) is missing on Evans & Matthews trademark as its use on metal different from sterling silver or on silver having silver fineness below / is severely.
The golfer match safe shown here Fig. Exact source thought to be Thailand, but that is not certain. Sterling and virtually never appeared as separate words standing apart in vintage marks. Marked Tiffany Studio New York on back. No old counterparts were ever made. This is a fantasy product. Same piece also available in brass bronze. A well made mark, deeply and evenly stamped. A well researched mark which includes a date stamp in the bottom line, M.
Fortunately the forger overlooked the order number and pattern number. See original mark below. The original includes both a pattern and order number missing in the fake.
Sterling Silver Markings Worldwide List
The pattern number appears on the left of the word Makers; the order number appears to the right see white arrows. Note that the individually stamped order and pattern numbers are not perfectly aligned, a typical sign of custom stamping.
An original Unger Bros. The new Unger mark has a large dot in the bottom of the letter U. The fake is made from two pieces of silver. First, the lady's head was die-stamped, then a sheet of silver was soldered on the back. Most of the treasure was in the form of silver bars. Rather than sell the bars for little more than scrap, the silver was cast into the shapes of 17th century Spanish coins and made into jewelry.
A advertisement promoting the Atocha jewelry is shown at right. All the coinlike objects shown in the advertisement were cast from silver ingots recovered from the ship.
A fact only disclosed in very confusing language in extremely small print. With earring posts, hanging loops and other jewelry findings removed, Atocha pieces are sometimes offered as old Spanish coins, far right.
Atocha does not appear on any Spanish coins. The date is when the Atocha sank; Atocha pieces were made after Many of the rings are direct copies from Victorian-era original.
Mackie's reproductions include moving wheels, silver wire reins on animals and other details normally only found on originals.