Introduction: Rocks and fossils do not come with dates on them. In fact, the very concept of strata representing long ages does not come from the rock strata themselves. That concept began with eighteenth-century French naturalist Georges Cuvier, picked up steam with Charles Lyell, and it has been in vogue ever since. This is despite the fact that it causes more problems for interpreting rock strata than it solves. And today we know through lab experiments and natural disasters such as the eruption of Mt. Helens that major layering of rock strata can happen catastrophically in a short period of time.
This evolutionary assumption has become a naturalistic religion, an ideology established already before Darwin published his book in These dating methods rely on a series of assumptions about the amounts of the parent-daughter elements, and a constant rate of decay.
Karishma 23 Private Escorts Powai, Mumbai. Hi gentlemen! Are you looking for sophisticated and escort girl to accompany you in my paradise, then look no further; Mt Etna Basalt Carbon Dating Our escorts Mt Etna Basalt Carbon Dating agency is the best to fulfill your wildest fantasy! My name is Karishma, 23 years old, a slim and sexy and beautiful girl in Powai/ Mt. Etna basalt, Sicily, erupted in , but rocks were date to , yrs old. Mount St. Helens erupted in , but rocks were dated up to million years old. ALL of the samples taken from volcanic eruptions of known times and dates are carefully collected and sent to the labs. Young-Earth Creationist 'Dating' of a Mt. St. Helens Dacite: The Failure of Austin and Swenson to Recognize Obviously Ancient Minerals Kevin R. Henke, Ph.D. The following material may be freely copied and distributed as long as the author is properly acknowledged.
Radioisotope dating, using the trace amounts of radioactive elements within the rock, was quickly accepted as proof the earth is millions and millions of years old. So what does radiometric dating really do?
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How does it work? It has been accepted that a rock is formed when it first cools down from a molten or semi-molten state, which may include a variety of elements, including radioactive ones. The Radioactive elements decay from heavier larger atomic elements parent into smaller atomic elements daughter that are more stable. For example, Uranium U decays into Lead Pb. This was confirmed in For the last years we have been able to measure the decay rate, and during this time it has been very steady, very consistent.
This method is used only on metamorphic and igneous rocks - not sedimentary rocks which are rocks laid down by water - and is where the fossils are primarily found. The radio-dating calculations are based on a series of Assumptions :.
A year sample of decay rates is inadequate when talking about millions of years. We do not know for sure if the rate of decay was the same years ago, let alone 10, years ago, or millions of years ago. Has there been contamination into the rock of either extra amounts of parent or daughter elements? What if extra lead leached into the rock? Or U washed out? This is assumed to be immaterial, but can change the end results drastically.
What is the real initial percentages of the U parent and Pb lead daughter elements? To assume the rock starts with only U and no Pb is a big assumption.
Isochron dating, which relies on multiple rock samples, is an attempt to correct this, but still has underlying assumptions based on 1 and 2 above. Sedimentary rocks make up the layers of the Grand Canyon and these are not dateable by radiometric dating.
The Cardenas Basalt bottom layer below the Cambrian explosion is usually dated with Rhobidium -Strontium and calculated to be about 1 billion years old. Much later after the Grand canyon was already formed, igneous rocks were formed from a volcano on top of the canyon, that Indians saw erupt, only about years ago. The volcano lava flows have Indian artifacts in them, and go over the canyon walls.
These rocks were dated using the same method in the lab and were assigned an age of 1. How can the very top, volcanic rock be older than the very bottom layer basalt rock? Even evolutionists admit that those Indian artifacts are not 1. This is a real and common problem with radiometric dating techniques.
ALL of the samples taken from volcanic eruptions of known times and dates are carefully collected and sent to the labs. It is a definite pattern. Got It? Not very scientifically consistent is it? This has been known for many decades. It is the prime reason many scientists have had doubts about radiometric dating all along.
But recently, the RATE research team has conclusively demonstrated with independent lines of evidence that radioactive decay rates, widely used to bolster deep time, were dramatically accelerated in the past.
RATE found 3 indicators that strongly indicate decay rates changed in the past, all pointing to a young age for the rocks and the earth. This He is released into the crystal and rock.
Helium atoms are pretty thin and can seep through solid rock. But even for He, this takes some time. The speed of Helium diffusion through solid rock has been measured. If long -age evolutionary guesses of the original amount of U are correct, then we can calculate how much Helium should have been produced and then seeped out of the crystal. If the granite is billions of years old, only the most recent Helium would still be trying to work its way out of the rock.
So there would be very little Helium left in the rock.
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BUT, if the rock is only thousands of years old not billionsthere should still be plenty of He still trapped in the solid granite rock. What do we actually find? What does the data basis of true science show? There is enough Helium left in the rocks, to account for an age for Earth of only you guessed it! The standard age of the rock is said to be 1. Plenty of time for the process to reach steady state by uniformitarian standards. All this time as Helium a very light element is given off, it slips around the other atoms and leaves the crystal lattice.
The hotter the crystal, the faster the He escapes into the surrounding rock. As the Zircon crystals were studied, it was apparent there was a lot of He still in the crystal - in fact much too much - if this was going on for a billion years. Measurements in a blind experiment were taken that showed how much Helium should be left after certain amounts of time, at various heat levels of the rock and the diffusion rate of He leaving the crystal.
Predictions were made for the diffusion rates based on two different relationships - one for an evolutionary time frame of billions of years, and one for a Creationist time frame of thousands of years. The results from an independent lab showed the diffusion rate to be practically the same as the predicted creationist rate.
Extremely close - excellent results for the young-earth creationist time frame, and not at all what the evolutionary time frame predicted. This is proof that those deep earth rocks with large amounts helium still in the zircon crystals were only thousands of years old.
They cannot be a billion years ol or close to that figure. If you believe in predictive, quantifiable science, then you cannot believe in 1. In order to get the level of helium found in the rocks, there had to have been a lot of radioactive decay. But the results show also that there was not only very a rapid decay episode, but the helium still in the crystal, shows it happened in the recent past. Recent as in thousands of years ago, not millions let alone billions.
Polonium halos in granite and metamorphic rocks formed in the catastrophic world-wide flood indicate a young age as well. Samples came from several granites. Halos are a microscopic spherical pattern of damage in the crystalline structure of the granite. The damage is caused by high energy alpha particles that are emitted by radiometric decay of the Uranium in the rock.
Particles like tiny bullets pierce the rock and leave a spherical pattern, outward from the U atoms. Polonium is very unstable, and decays quickly.
Oct 07, The carbon footprint of a volcano: 1 million tonnes CO2: Mount Etna, Italy, in a quiet year 42 million tonnes CO2: Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, Author: Mike Berners-Lee, Duncan Clark. Jun 01, Dalrymple,1 one of the big names in radioactive dating [and a self-confessed intermediate between an atheist and agnostic], lists a number of cases of wrong potassium-argon ages for historic lava flows (Table A). There are many other examples of obviously wrong dates. Making a Move on a Date. 1 Make a move during a movie. Whether Goede Dating Sites you're in a theater or at home on a couch, a movie can be a great moment to instigate physical contact. Take her hand lightly. If she likes you, she'll Goede Dating Sites hold your hand back, or give your hand a squeeze. If she doesn't, she'll Goede Dating Sites move her hand away/
Some can decay in 3 minutes, some a few days. Po halos are also found in all rocks and in large numbers. How can they be there in large numbers?
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This conundrum can only be explained if there were one or more rapid changes in U decay rates. The large numbers of these Po halo finds do indicate very quick changes in decay rates and that the rocks cannot be millions and millions of years old.
Again, the observable science fits the Creation model and not the uniformitarian model. Carbon 14 or radiocarbon is an entirely different method of dating materials in the earth. It is only used on material that was once alive. Bones, flesh, plants, and any remains that are not entirely fossilized into rock, is what C can be used on. It is only good for a dating back with any confidence to less than 80, years. This is because C the radioactive parent element has a half life of only 5, years.
C is from the atmosphere and part of the food chain. Plants take in as carbon dioxide, the C is the carbon atom, instead of the normal and stable C It is everywhere and all through the food chain, such that all living things as well as the atmosphere, have about the same amount of carbon inside their living tissue.
However once a plant or animal dies, it stops ingesting new C Again, radio-carbon dating is only used on samples that were once alive, and is typically good for only ages up to 80, years with any reliability.
It was never used to indicate millions of years of age for fossils or rocks or anything else. Evolutionists never use C on samples they believe to be millions of years old. With the discovery of radioactivity about a hundred years ago, evolutionists deeply committed to the uniformitarian outlook believed they finally had proof of the immense antiquity of the earth. In particular, they discovered the very slow nuclear decay rates of elements like Uranium while observing considerable amounts of the daughter products from such decay.
They interpreted these discoveries as vindicating both uniformitarianism and evolution, which led to the domination of these beliefs in academic circles around the world throughout the twentieth century.
However, modern technology has produced a major fly in that uniformitarian ointment. A key technical advance, which occurred about 25 years ago, involved the ability to measure the ratio of 14 C atoms to 12 C atoms with extreme precision in very small samples of carbon, using an ion beam accelerator and a mass spectrometer.
This earlier method was subject to considerable "noise" from cosmic rays. The expectation was that this improvement in precision would make it possible to use this technique to date dramatically older fossil material. Therefore they mounted a major campaign to discover and eliminate the sources of such contamination. Although they identified and corrected a few relatively minor sources of 14 C contamination, there still remained a significant level of 14 C-typically about times the ultimate sensitivity of the instrument-in samples that should have been utterly " 14 C-dead," including many from the deeper levels of the fossil-bearing part of the geological record.
Let us consider what the AMS measurements imply from a quantitative standpoint. The ratio of 14 C atoms to 12 C atoms decreases by a factor of 2 every years. After 1. This means that if one started with an amount of pure 14 C equal to the mass of the entire observable universe, after 1.
This earnest effort to understand this "contamination problem" therefore generated scores of peer-reviewed papers in the standard radiocarbon literature during the last 20 years. The reality of significant levels of 14 C in a wide variety of fossil sources from throughout the geological record has thus been established in the secular scientific literature by scientists who assume the standard geological time scale is valid and have no special desire for this result!
The ten samples include three coals from the Eocene part of the geological record, three from the Cretaceous, and four from the Pennsylvanian. These samples were analyzed by one of the foremost AMS laboratories in the world. Figure 1 below shows in histogram form the results of these analyses.
Nov 27, Carbon shouldn't even be used to date anything over a few thousand years, since its half-life is only 5, years! And Carbon has been detected in "ancient" fossils-supposedly up to hundreds of millions of years old-ever since the earliest days of radiocarbon dating. Volcanic eruption When the rock actually formed Date by radiometric dating; Mt Etna basalt, Sicily. BC. ,-, years old. Mt Etna basalt, Sicily. Jun 06, We tend to think of erupting volcanoes with active, smoking plumes as the biggest source of carbon dioxide, and Mt. Etna is not only a classic example, it's one of the most reliable volcanoes of all.
These values fall squarely within the range already established in the peer-reviewed radiocarbon literature. When we average our results over each geological interval, we obtain remarkably similar values of 0.
Although the number of samples is small, we observe little difference in 14 C level as a function of position in the geological record. This is consistent with the young-earth view that the entire macrofossil record up to the upper Cenozoic is the product of the Genesis Flood and therefore such fossils should share a common 14 C age. Percent Modern Carbon.
However, uniformitarian assumptions are inappropriate when one considers that the Genesis Flood removed vast amounts of living biomass from exchange with the atmosphere-organic material that now forms the earth's vast coal, oil, and oil shale deposits. A conservative estimate for the pre-Flood biomass is times that of today.