This is an ongoing effort to adapt information from the Collector's Guide to Kaywoodie Pipes into Pipedia articles. Chris used source material from Robert W. Stokes, Ph. Frank Co. Many thanks to these dedicated pipemen for their work in compiling this material. Pipesmokers who were born before have probably, at one time or another, smoked a Kaywoodie Pipe.
Redbark -introduced in Pipedia Sysop note: Other sources indicate the Redbark was introduced in See example.
Not made after 's. The bruyere finish was used on these pipes through ; root finish was used thereafter. Not made after late 's or early 's. In a special series of "ODA" pipes was begun and continued through These were not carved to order.
Collector - Denotes hand-turned bowls as opposed to machine-turned made from plateau briar. Introduced in Examples for this period read:.
Early pipes dating from before the English Civil War of the s tend to follow London fashions but the disruption of the war appears to have allowed regional forms to develop. These regional fashions continued until the mid-nineteenth century when improved transport networks allowed pipes to be traded over much larger areas, diluting local. Dating ehrlich pipes - Join the leader in rapport services and find a date today. Join and search! If you are a middle-aged woman looking to have a good time dating woman half your age, this advertisement is for you. Is the number one destination for online dating with more dates than any other dating or personals site. Dating Ehrlich Pipes time. Very frequently. And I have no hesitation in accepting I am a sex addict. I have been taken home Dating Ehrlich Pipes by a woman 15 years older than me from a pub. I have had orgies with friends I have known for over a decade/
Shape numbers during this period had either 3, 4, or 5 digits. It had been widely report that The Redbark is introduced inbut we have examples that date to as seen bellow. The Cumberland finish is introduced in The guide above is very helpful, but there are discrepancies in both the literature regarding the nomenclature, and anomalies in the nomenclature itself.
We highly recommend the book by Dunhill expert, John C. The catalog shows a larger, "fuller" leaf, but lists two-digit shape numbers. Sometime between an the better pipes were marked on the bits with a black cloverleaf in a white circle.
The white cloverleaf continued on the lesser pipes. However, this was not a consistent convention, as pipes of the same grade could have either type of leaf. The S. Frank Co. However, Italian made "drugstore" grade Kaywoodies are still being marketed in this country. Throughout much of the 's, 50's and 60's, the Kaywoodie family of pipes consisted of 11 basic grades of briar pipes; though new grades were frequently added to the line and some older grades were discontinued or downgraded.
A Dunhill Pipe Dating Guide. Alfred Dunhill began to manufacture briar smoking pipes in ; the famous white spot first appeared on top of the hand-cut vulcanite mouthpiece in in order that the customer should know which part faced upwards. Dating Sites White Label, is morgue and asia dating, site gratuit pour rencontre femme, parkinson dating sites/ Escorts Mumbai giving essentially the Dating Ehrlich Pipes very exquisite literary Escorts. In the event you would like the Dating Ehrlich Pipes very best, then you have the Dating Ehrlich Pipes very best and amazing, bright and sexy escort ladies in Mumbai. All of us grants you the largest variety of feminine call girls in Mumbai. Our site will probably continually direct you in getting /
These 11 basic grades of pipes, listed in ascending order of quality, were:. This Chapter presents a description of the grades that appeared in the Kaywoodie line of pipes for the period from through The information comes from Kaywoodie catalogs from,and Four "undated" catalogs were also consulted as an aid in establishing the hierarchy of pipes in the frequently changing Kaywoodie line-up.
Based on a comparison of prices in the and catalogs, these four undated catalogs appear to span the period from "after " to "before ". Courtesy ChrisKeene.
Collector's Guide to Kaywoodie Pipes
The Kaywoodie catalog lists only four grades of pipes Table 1. These four grades, however, were available in shapes see Appendix. These shapes included many that differed only in size small, medium, large. For example, the "In-Between", "Colt" and "Freshman" shapes listed in the Appendix were merely smaller versions of the standard shapes, and the "E-Z-Set" shapes were "flat-bottom" versions of the standard shapes.
The Straight Grain pipe did not appear again in the catalogs reviewed in this research until see Section 3. One model is introduced as the "New Banded" Super Grain. The banded Super Grain had the white Kaywoodie cloverleaf logo in the bit and a wide metal band.
The non-banded "original" Super Grain had the white Kaywoodie cloverleaf logo in the shank of the pipe and was offered in two finishes, virgin and miami slightly darker than virgin.
Due to the gap in catalogs used in this research, it is not known precisely when the practice of putting the cloverleaf in the shank of the Super Grains was discontinued the catalog shows the cloverleaf on the bit. The Super Grain was later downgraded and many new grades appeared above it see subsequent sections of this Chapter.
The early original Super Grains are particularly interesting not only because they were high quality briars, but because they were the only Kaywoodies in the author's knowledge to have the logo inlaid in the shank of the pipe. The catalog "Introduces an entirely new principle in pipe-smoking, the new Kaywoodie Carburetor".
The carburetor device was basically a hole in the bottom of the bowl that was intended to control the mixture of smoke and air drawn in through the bottom of the bowlthereby affording a cooler smoke. With the exception of the catalog, the Carburetor appears in all the catalogs reviewed in this research4.
The Carburetor was available in smooth or relief sandblast finishes. The workingman's pipe in the catalog was the Drinkless Kaywoodie. The Kaywoodie catalog shows 12 grades of briar pipes and introduces the Kaywoodie Block Meerschaum Table 2. The briar pipes were available in 69 shapes See Appendix. In addition to these individual pipes, the catalog shows two- and seven-pipe matched grain sets 5.
The Block Meerschaums were available in straight or bent shapes and came in leather-covered cases. The Ninety-Fiver and Centennial pipes were apparently "anniversary pipes" offered to commemorate the firm's 95th and th anniversaries, respectively 6. The Ninety-Fiver and Centennial pipes both had wide metal bands and came in cases lined with velvet and satin. Both are highly-prized by collectors. The Oversize Kaywoodies were, as the name implies, "Giants".
Lowndes notes that these pipes were stamped simply, "Hand-Made". The pipes were all roughly "bulldog-ish" in appearance and were available in the following styles and grades 7 :. The Meerschaum-Inlaid typically flame grain grade with Turkish meerschaum inlaid bowlSilhouette black sandblast finish with wide band and Flame Grain pipes were all comparable in quality.
The line-up of pipes in the catalog Table 3 was more extensive than in previous years. The catalog presented an expanded line of meerschaum pipes and introduced a 4-pipe set of Matched Grain Pipes, as well as several pipes with "special features". The number of shapes available see Appendixhowever, was not substantially different from the number offered in the catalog. The "star" of the catalog was the Meerschaum Character Pipe. According to the catalog, "A very limited number of these [block] meerschaum character pipes are carved by Kaywoodie sculptors.
The Twin-Bowl Kaywoodies were available in an all-meerschaum model two removable inner bowls of meerschaum and a meerschaum and Flame Grain model outer bowl of flame grain briar and removable inner bowl of meerschaum. Other meerschaum pipes presented in the catalog included: the Gourd Calabash; the Coral "dimpled" Meerschaum; the All Briar briar bit and Flame Grain pipes with inlaid meerschaum bowls; and the "Doctor's" pipe.
The "Doctor's" Pipe was fitted with a removable bowl of meerschaum that was designed to leave an air space between the inner meerschaum bowl and the outer briar bowl to circulate and cool the smoke Other interesting entries in the catalog included:. The catalog offered an interesting assortment of traditional and free-hand styles Table 4.
The traditional pipes were available in over 50 shapes see Appendix. Every Birdseye and Straight Grain pipe was registered and, according to the catalog, would "be serviced for life". The Birdseye and Straight Grain pipes were packaged in special hand-fitted leather cases.
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Though both pipes are still highly regarded, the Birdseye pipe is probably the rarest of the Kaywoodie Pipes and is highly sought after by collectors.
The Kaywoodie Originals were "hand-carved, one-of-a-kind pipes" that were available in six general shapes in a choice of smooth or "textured" finishes. Long stems were sometimes rather oval in cross section and could be curved.
Burnishing was rarely used, although it continued to be a characteristic of pipes from the Shropshire industry and on some high quality pieces from elsewhere.
Stamped marks, now typically orientated along the stem, continued to be used in the West Midlands and North West but died out in other areas in favour of moulded marks. Moulded marks or pattern numbers on the sides of the stem were introduced around the middle of the nineteenth century and became the most widespread and common form of marking thereafter.
The most common method is to use the butt ends of a set of Imperial drill bits, although a finely gradated ruler or other measuring devices can also be used.
Sherlock, Gandalf, and You: a Guide to Pipes
Retaining this unit of measurement ensures that any new data is comparable with previously published material.
It also allows the date of larger assemblages to be calculated using the stem bore dating formulae that have been developed in the USA.
There are also a number of concerns over how reliable any date arrived at actually is. Stem bores can, however, be used for distributional plots or as bar graphs to show changing site use over time.
The divisions provided by 64ths of an inch make convenient units to express this sort of data.
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The fractions of an inch are always given in 64ths, and not rationalised to larger alternative units e. They were also subject to marked regional variation prior to the nineteenth century, so the shape can also be used to identify which part of the country a pipe comes from.
For this reason, it is important to look at specific local typologies as well as the more general national ones. Early pipes dating from before the English Civil War of the s tend to follow London fashions but the disruption of the war appears to have allowed regional forms to develop. These regional fashions continued until the mid-nineteenth century when improved transport networks allowed pipes to be traded over much larger areas, diluting local fashions.
There was also a move towards larger manufactories producing a wide range of different shaped pipes which do not follow the earlier typological progression and are more difficult to place into a simple type series. In broad terms there were always two different styles of pipe in contemporary use; those with heels and those with spurs.
A heel is the term used for a flat-based projection underneath the bowl of a pipe, which typically has near vertical sides, or ones that flare out towards its base.
A heel is usually broader than it is deep, as opposed to a spur, which is the opposite. A spur is the term used for a projection underneath the bowl that is usually longer than it is broad.
It typically tapers to a pointed or rounded base, although later varieties sometimes have the end trimmed off. Pipes without a heel or spur were produced for the export trade from the mid-seventeenth century onwards but only came into general use in Britain from the mid-nineteenth century onwards.
Diagram showing the most commonly used terminology for different parts of the pipe.